Contemporary Security Policy follows the APA stylesheet precisely. This is the most used stylesheet in the field of social science. This convention is consistent and authors are familiar with it. For the definite and complete stylesheet used by Contemporary Security Policy, please refer to the document prepared by Taylor and Francis ( For detailed information, please see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, and The APA stylesheet refers to Merrian Webster Collegiate Dictionary 11th edition (American English) for questions about language. The following information is a short summary of the APA stylesheet.

In-text citation with author/date format (some examples)

  • Many authors have argued that A leads to B (Johnson, 2012; Smith, 2014a, p. 34, 2014b; Williams, 2008). Others disagree with such claims (Jones & Brown, 2015, pp. 35-45). And yet others came to a more nuanced conclusion (Jones, Brown, & Smith 2016, table 4).
  • Johnson (2012) and Smith (2014a, p. 34, 2014b) have argued that A leads to B. Jones and Brown (2015, pp. 35-45) disagree with such claims. Jones, Brown, and Smith (2016, table 4) came to a more nuanced conclusion.
  • “The peace wish, we are told, runs strong and deep among the Russian people” (Waltz, 1954, p. 1).
  • As Waltz (1954) notes “[t]he peace wish, we are told, runs … deep among the Russian people” (p. 1).
  • In 1954, Waltz noted that “[t]he peace wish, we are told, runs … deep among the Russian people” (p. 1).
  • Waltz stated that “[t]he peace wish, we are told, runs strong and deep among the Russian people” (as cited in Author, year, p. 15).
  • The Economist discussed the first executive orders of President Trump (“Trust me, I’m the president,” 2017).

Reference list at the end of the manuscript (some examples)

Monographs and edited volumes

Booth, K. (Ed.). (1988). Statecraft and Security: The Cold War and Beyond. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Higham, R., Greenwood, J., & Hardesty, V. (Eds.). (1998). Russian Aviation and Air Power in the Twentieth Century. London: Frank Cass.

Snyder, G. H., & Diesing, P. (1977). Conflict Among Nations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Von Clausewitz, C. (1984). On War. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Chapters in edited volumes

White, H. (1997). New Directions in Australian Defence Planning. In H. Hookey & D. Roy (Eds.), Australian Defence Planning: Five Views from Policy Makers (pp. 13–26). Canberra: Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, Australian National University.

Articles in journals

NOTE: only provide the issue number if each issue of the journal begins on page 1. If the page numbers are continues throughout the volume, do not provide page numbers.

Labs, E. J. (1997). Offensive Realism and Why States Expand Their War Aims. Security Studies, 6(4), 7–17. doi: 10.1080/09636419708429321

Flockhart, T. (2016). The coming multi-order world. Contemporary Security Policy, 37, 3–31. doi: 10.1080/13523260.2016.1150053

Frühling, S., & O’Neil, A. (2017). Nuclear weapons, the United States and alliances in Europe and Asia: Toward an institutional perspective. Contemporary Security Policy. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/13523260.2016.1257214

Newspaper and magazines

Bugaksaki, J. (2000, April 27). History is Politics in Putin’s Russia. Financial Times. Retrieved from

Bad Day for Blair. (1989, August 13). The Sunday Times, p. 16.

Trust me, I’m the president. (2017, January 28). The Economist. Retrieved from


Zellner, W. (2005). Managing Change in Europe: Evaluating the OSCE and its Future Role–Competencies, Capabilities and Missions (Working Paper No. 13). Hamburg: Centre for OSCE Research.

Fusilio, R. J. (1966). The Staging of Battle Scenes on the Shakespearian Stage (Doctoral dissertation). University of Birmingham, Birmingham.

Paris, R. (1999, February 23). Constructing Liberal States: I.R. Theory and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, Washington, DC.

Web page or blog

Bitzinger, R. A. (2016, January 29). Defence Industries in Asia and the Technonationalist Impulse. Contemporary Security Policy Blog. Retrieved from